What Are Estrogen?

what is estrogen


Estrogen is the female hormones, consisting of estrone, estradiol and estriol. These are female sex hormones and to regulate their periods. Estrogen is found in both men and women, but the level is more in women, especially those who are able to reproduce. Estrogen is produced by the ovaries. It is also produced by the ovaries and placenta leuteum body during pregnancy to regulate the safe delivery of child.

Why estrogen is important for a woman?

Estrogen is very important for women's health, despite the dangers it can cause. Estrogen plays a vital role in the development of female secondary sexual characteristics. These features generate the main difference between men and women.

It includes breasts, pelvis extended large amounts of fat in the lower body. Estrogen is also responsible for hair growth and skin smooth less in women.

Each month, the reproductive hormones regulate the menstrual cycle and prepares the uterus for pregnancy to make thick walls of the endometrium. Estrogen also regulates metabolism, reduce muscles, increase fat deposits triggers growth of endometrial tissue, increased vaginal fluid, uterus enlarges, reduces the chances of breaking bones, blood flow and platelet increasse, increase high-density lipids, that can cause heart problems, reduce low-density lipid cholesterol increased the bile.
After menopause, most women suffer with low levels of estrogen. This leads to vaginal dryness, memory loss, hot flashes, fatigue, irritation, bone loss and osteoporosis.
Women taking the higher amount of estrogen are more prone to heart attacks, stroke, blood clots, breast strokes, breast cancer and memory loss.

Medical applications of estrogen:

Oral contraceptives:

Estrogen reduces blood levels of FSH and LH. To treat this, oral contraceptives have estrogen and progesterone.

Hormone therapy:

These hormones are mainly offered to post menopausal females to reduce the risk of osteoporosis. This treatment also reduces symptoms of menopause are fatigue, sweating, stress, urinary tract complications, feeling cold, hot flashes and vaginal dryness.

Breast Cancer:

Large amount of estrogen leads to breast cancer. To suppress breast cancer, blood estrogen levels should be reduced.

Prostate Cancer:

Because this hormone is also present in men and is not a stranger to their body can be used to treat prostate cancer.

While taking estrogen treatment, whenever you feel intense vomiting, weakness, numbness, vision loss, difficulty remembering things to learn, dizziness, coughing blood, shortness of breath, trouble speaking and breast lump, contact your doctor immediately.

How do I know if my hormone levels are too high or too low?

Talk to your doctor. Your doctor may do a physical exam and assess your health situation and symptoms. This allows the physician to determine whether laboratory tests are needed to check hormone levels. These tests may be particular to, if you have a health condition such as PCOS or loss of menstrual period, because excess training or anorexia. If tests show that abnormal levels of hormones, the doctor can prescribe effective treatment.


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