Causes Of Hiatal Hernia and the Types

Hiatal hernia, why?Hiatal hernia is a weak diaphragm to the top of the protrusion of the stomach into the thorax through a tear or opening it. The diaphragm is a sheet of muscle in the chest and abdomen. Hital hernia cases of disease and, incidentally discovered. This is known as gastric volvulus or strangulation can cause life-threatening problems.

Types of hiatal hernia:

hiatal herniaThere are two types of hiatal hernia:

• The first and most common sliding hiatal hernia. It occurs in approximately 95% of cases. In this condition, gastroesophageal junction with the stomach above the diaphragm moves

.• Type in the second and the remaining 5% of cases are rarely found in rolling hiatal hernia. Herniated conditions, part of the stomach herniates through the esophageal hiatus and the gastroesophageal junction without movement of the esophagus behind the stands.The causes of hiatal hernia:In adults, is often found in chains with a weak supporting tissue of the diaphragm and chest. He later age, obesity, smoking and lots of words for those who grew up in the most sensitive to hiatal hernia. In children, it is innate, and gave rise to it. Infants is also associated with gastroesophageal reflux.

Some of the factors related to hiatal hernia:

• permanent shortening of the esophagus, which is caused by inflammation or bone tgastric gannugala acids may be afraid of.
• Increased pressure on the stomach, weight training with a large, normal and heavy coughing, sneezing hard, pregnancy and delivery problems, the worst vomiting, constipation, blood of a species, the result of excessive pressure on abdominal obesity, may be positions caused by the meeting.
• inherited or congenital: some children are born with genetic material can not be the same.
• smoking and certain drugs, smoking is a major cause of hiatal hernia. Propulsion in the stomach, cocaine and certain medications can also contribute to the thorax.
• failure of the diaphragm: the diaphragm to the chest with a weak stomach as a projection remains undisputed.Symptoms of hiatal hernia:These features are not easily identifiable. They mix a variety of diseases and other symptoms often mimic symptoms of "Great is known.

 Main signs are:

• chest pain
• envy - bending or lying down, and as acute and chronic
• Difficulty in swallowing• shortness of breath
• Heart PalpitationsDiagnosis of hiatal hernia:Disease in the upper GI series, or higher-resolution menometry of endoskopi.Hiatal hernia treatment:Several treatments may be used to reduce and prevent complications. 

These include:

• Return the esophagus, stomach object
• drugs that reduce stomach acid production by removing
• Avoid smoking
• After dinner, right down not hakiruvante
• Weight reduction
• Avoid lifting heavy weightsThose who have no symptoms, no treatment is necessary for his hiatal hernia. Lifestyle changes and medication to control their symptoms from others.

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